A hemodialysis access, or vascular access, is a way to reach the blood for hemodialysis. … As a hemodialysis patient, your access is one of the following: A fistula, an access made by joining an artery and vein in your arm. A graft, an access made by using a piece of soft tube to join an artery and vein in your arm.
Peripheral artery disease (also called peripheral arterial disease) is a common circulatory problem in which narrowed arteries reduce blood flow to your limbs
Hemodialysis treatment usually takes three to five hours and is repeated three times a week. The type of access a person has is important for getting the best dialysis possible. There are three types of access: catheter, arteriovenous (AV) graft and arteriovenous (AV) fistula.
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Carotid endarterectomy is a surgical procedure used to reduce the risk of stroke by correcting stenosis in the common carotid artery or internal carotid artery. Endarterectomy is the removal of material on the inside of an artery.
Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair is surgery to repair a widened area in your aorta. This is called an aneurysm. The aorta is the large artery that carries blood to your belly, pelvis, and legs. An aortic aneurysm is when a part of this artery becomes too large or balloons outward.